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Catalyzing worker co-ops & the solidarity economy

Resources for Cooperative Education and Development

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May 26, 2010
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Crowell, Erbin. Mondragon and the United Steelworkers. Cooperative Business Journal,

Gunn, C. Cooperatives and Market Failure: Workers' Cooperatives and System Mismatch. Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 38, No. 3, 345-354 (2006).

McNamara, John.  Worker Co-operatives and Employment Law in Canada (Student, Master of Management - Co-operatives and Credit Unions), St. Mary's University.

John McNamara's series of articles on Mondragon principles at

University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives,  Go to publications tab for many research papers and studies.  Here you can also sign up for the worker co-op, co-op business and economic development listservs.

Articles on Cleveland's Evergreen worker cooperatives:



Abrams, J. (2008). The Company We Keep:  Reinventing Small Business for People, Community and Place.  White River Junction, CT: Chelsea Green Publishing Co.

Adams, F. T., and Hansen, G. B. (1992). Putting Democracy to Work: A Practical Guide for Starting and Managing Worker-owned Businesses - Revised Edition. San Francisco: Berett-Koehler.

Aspen Institute. (2005). Building Wealth:  The New Asset-Based Approach to Solving Social and Economic Problems.  Washington, DC: Aspen Institute.

Bell, D. (1994).  An Employee Owner's Guide to Understanding Financial Reports Kent: OH:  Northeast Ohio Employee Ownership Center.

Butler, J. S. (1991). Entrepreneurship and Self-Help among Black Americans: A Reconsideration of Race and Economics. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Cheney, G., (1999). Values at Work: Employee Participation Meets Market Pressure at Mondragon; updated edition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.

Craig, J. G. (1993). The Nature of Cooperation. Montreal, Quebec: Black Rose.

Curl, John, (2009). For All the People:  Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements & Communalism in America. Oakland:  PM Press.

Dow, G. (2003).  Governing the Firm:  Workers' Control in Theory and Practice. Cambridge, UK:  Cambridge University Press.

Feldman, Jonathan Michael and Jessica Gordon Nembhard (eds.). From Community Economic Development and Ethnic Entrepreneurship to Economic Democracy: The Cooperative Alternative.  Partnership for Multiethnic Inclusion, Norrkoping, Sweden (National Institute for Working Life), 2002.  

Gastil, J. (1993). Democracy in Small Groups: Participation, Decision Making and Communication. Philadelphia, PA: New Society Publishers.

Gordon Nembhard, J. and Chiteji, N., (eds.) 2006. Wealth Accumulation and Communities of Color in the U.S., Ann Arbor:  University of Michigan Press.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Alternative Economics, a Missing Component in the African American Studies Curriculum: Teaching Public Policy and Democratic Community Economics to Black Students." In "Special Issue: Black Political Economy in the 21st Century:  Exploring the Interface of Economics and Black Studies." Journal of Black Studies Vol. 38  No. 5 (May 2008),   pp. 758-782.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Educating Black Youth for Economic Empowerment: Democratic Economic Participation and School Reform Practices and Policies." In Handbook of African American Education, edited by Linda Tillman, pp. 481-498. Sage Publications, 2008.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Growing Transformative Businesses: Community-Based Economic Development." In Solidarity Economy: Building Alternatives for People and Planet: Papers and Reports from the U.S. Social Forum 2007, edited by Jenna Allard, Carl Davidson, and Julie Matthaei, pp. 211-220. Chicago, IL: ChangeMaker Publications, 2008.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Theorizing and Practicing Democratic Community Economics: Engaged Scholarship, Economic Justice, and the Academy." In Engaging Contradictions: Theory, Politics and Methods of Activist Scholarship, edited by Charles R. Hale, pp. 265-297. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica, and Ajowa Nzinga Ifateyo. "African-American Economic Solidarity." Dollars & Sense Magazine Number 266 (July-August 2006), pp. 24-26.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Entering the New City as Men and Women, Not Mules." In The Black Urban Community, edited by Gayle T. Tate and Lewis A. Randolph, pp. 75-100. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Principles and Strategies for Reconstruction: Models of African American Community-Based Cooperative Economic Development." Harvard Journal of African American Public Policy Vol. 12 (Summer 2006), pp. 39-55.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Non-Traditional Analyses of Cooperative Economic Impacts: Preliminary Indicators and a Case Study." Review of International Co-operation Vol. 97, No. 1 (2004), pp. 6-21.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Cooperative Ownership and the Struggle for African American Economic Empowerment." Humanity & Society Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 2004), 298-321.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Of Caulkers and Quilt-Makers." New Internationalist No. 368 (June 2004), p. 25.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Cooperatives and Wealth Accumulation: Preliminary Analysis." American Economic Review Vol. 92, No.2 (May 2002), pp. 325-329.

Gordon Nembhard, Jessica. "Education for a People-Centered Democratic Economy." GEO Newsletter. 53-54 (July-October 2002), pp. 8-9.

Gunn, C. (2004).  Third Sector Development:  Making up for the Market.  Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press.

Jones, B. (1990). Neighborhood Planning: A Guide for Citizens and Planners. Chicago: Planners Press.

Ifateyo, A. and Nangwaya, A. (2003).  Promoting Cooperative Economics Education and Practice Through Kwanzaa. Unpublished; available through by writing:

Incite!  Women of Color Against Violence. (2007).  The Revolution Will Not be Funded:  Beyond the Non-Profit Industrial Complex:  Cambridge, MA:  South End Press.

Jeter, Jon (2009). Flat Broke In the Free Market:  How Globalization Fleeced Working People.  New York:  W.W. Norton & Company.

Kaner, S. Facilitators Guide to Participatory Decision-Making. Philadelphia, PA: New Society.

Karenga, M. (1989). The African American Holiday of Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community and Culture. Los Angeles: Sankore.

Krimerman, L., Lindenfeld, F., Karty, Carol, and Benello, J., Eds. (1992). From the Ground up: Essays on Grassroots and Workplace Democracy by George Benello. Boston: South End.

Lappê, F. (2007). Getting A Grip: Clarity Creativity and Courage in a World Gone Mad. Richard R. Rowe/Cambridge:  Small Planet Media.

Logue, J. et al (1998).  Participatory Employee Ownership:  How It Works; Best Practices in Employee Ownership.  Pittsburgh: Worker Ownershsip Institute.

Logue, J. and Yates, J. (2001).  The Real World of Employee Ownership.  New York:  Cornell University Press.

Macleod, G. (1997). From Mondragon to America: Experiments in Community Economic Development. Sydney, Nova Scotia: University College of Cape Breton.

Magnani, E.  (2009). The Silent Change:  Recovered Businesses in Argentina.  Buenos Aires:  Editorial Teseo.

Mariotti, S. (1996). The Young Entrepreneur's Guide to Starting and Running a Business. New York: Times Books.

McLeod, A. (2009). Holy Cooperation!  Building Graceful Economies. Eugene, OR:  Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Morrison, R. (1991). We Build the Road as We Travel. Philadelphia, PA: New Society.

Nadeau, E.G., and Thompson, D. J. (1996). Cooperation Works!: How people are using cooperative action to rebuild communities and revitalize the economy. Rochester, MN: Lone Oak.

Ohio Employee Ownership Center. (2008).  An Owners Guide to Business Succession Planning. Kent. OH:  Ohio Employee Ownership Center.

Shapiro, T. (2004). The Hidden Cost of Being African American:  How Wealth Perpetuates Inequality.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Shuman, M. (2000). Going Local:  Creating Self Reliant Communities In a Global Age.  New York:  Routledge.

Singer, R., Vannucci, D. (2009).  Come Hell or High Water:  A Handbook on Collective Process Gone Awray.  Oakland:  AK Press.

Temali, M. (2002). The Community Economic Development Handbook: Strategies and Tools to Revitalize Your Neighborhood. St. Paul, MN: Wilder Publishing Center.

Walstad, W. B., and Kourilsky, M. L. (1999). Seeds of Success: Entrepreneurship and Youth. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing.

Wilson, A. N. (1998). Blueprint for Black Power: A Moral, Political and Economic Imperative for Twenty-First Century. Brooklyn, NY: Afrikan World InfoSystem.

Whyte, W. F., and  Whyte, K. K. (1991). Making Mondragon: The Growth and Dynamics of the Worker Cooperative Complex. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University.

Zeuli, K. A., and Cropp, R. (2004). Cooperatives: Principles and Practices in the 21st Century. Madison, WI: Cooperative Extension Publishing (University of Wisconsin-Madison).


The Spirit of Cooperation: The story of cooperatives and how Americans use them to improve their lives and communities - narrated by James Earl Jones; Rayve Fulfillment House; P.O. Box 726 Windsor, CA 95492; - 1-800-852-4890 (get a copy of their catalogue)

The Mondragon Experiment. A 1982 BBC visit to Mondragon, Spain. Describes the cooperatives founded by Father Arizmende, how they are governed and organized. 50 Minute. Margot Smith, Off Center Video,1300 A Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94709; 510-486-8010;

Democracy in the Workplace: Three Worker-Owned Businesses; Off Center Video - 510-486-8010 or

150 Years of Cooperation; Rayve Fulfillment 1-800-852-4890



Arizmendi Association of Cooperators, 1904 Franklin St., Suite 204, Oakland, CA 94612; 415-683-3335;

Association of Cooperative Educators, ACE, attention Sarah Pike, 29630-109th Avenue North, Hanover, MN, 55341; 763-432-2032;

California Center for Cooperative Development, 430 F Street, Davis, CA 95616-4192;; 530-297-1032.

Canadian Worker Co-op Federation,

Center for Cooperatives and Community Economic Development, Southern New Hampshire University, 2500 N. River Rd., Manchester, NH 03106;; (603)644-3154/644-3103; Fax: (603)644-3130; Director: Chris Clamp,

  • The Center for Co-operatives and CED brings together the traditions of community building and community development.  These two traditions have effectively sought to bring about positive change in the condition of marginalized groups both in the US and abroad.  The vision of the center is to bring about positive change in the economic, social and/or political condition of marginalized individuals, groups and communities. The center seeks to promote fair access to and co-ownership of the center's knowledge and partnership based "products and services".
  • Our purpose is to foster a new generation of co-operative developers, educators and policy makers. The center provides information and referral services to people seeking information about starting co-ops and sponsored training and services in the field of community economic development and co-operatives.  Recent projects have included evaluation research on food co-op development; training on community economic development and board development for credit union boards and staff. We also recently concluded a webinar series entitled "Cooperatives in Troubled Times" and are currently advising a startup of a food co-op in Manchester, NH.

CICOPA (International Organization of Industrial, Artisanal and Serice Producers' Cooperative), Avenue Milcamps 105, 1030 Brussels, Belgium; +32 2 543 1033;

CooperationWorks! Cooperation Development Network, c/o Sarah Pike, Common Enterprise Development Cor., 29630-109 Avenue, North, Hanover, MN 55341; 1-800-600-7682;

The Cooperative Development Foundation, 1401 New York Ave, NW; Suite 1100; Washington, DC 20005; 202-383-5445;

Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy,

The Federation of Southern Cooperatives/Land Assistance Fund, P.O. Box 95; Epes, AL 35460 -205-652-9676;

Green Worker Cooperatives, 461 Timpson Place, The Bronx, NY 10455; 718-617-7807;

National Association of Federal Credit Unions; 3138 10th Street North, Arlington, VA 22201-2149; 703-522-4770; 800-336-4644;

National Association of Housing Cooperatives; 1444 I Street, NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20005-6542, Tel: (202) 737-0797, Fax: (202) 216-9646, E-mail:;

National Cooperative Bank/NBC Development Corporation; 1725 Eye Street, NW, Suite 600; Washington, DC 20005; 1-800-955-9622;

National Cooperative Business Association; 1401 New York Ave, NW; Suite 1100; Washington, DC 20005 -; 202-383-5442.

National Cooperative Grocers Association; 14 S Linn Street, Iowa City, Iowa 52240. (319) 466-;

National Credit Union Association; P.O. Box 431; Madison, WI 53701-0431; 800-356-9655;

National Federation of Community Development Credit Unions, 116 John Street, 33rd Floor | New York, NY 10038-3300; 800-437-8711;

National Society of Accountants for Cooperatives 136 Keowee Street, Dayton, OH 45402 (937) 222-6707;

Network of Bay Area Area Worker Cooperatives, P.O. Box 24953, Oakland, CA 94623; 510-835-0254;

North American Students of Cooperation, P.O. Box 180048, Chicago, IL 60618;; 773-404-2667.

Northcountry Cooperative Development Fund, 219 Main St., SE, Suite 500, Minneapolis, MN 55414; 612-331-9103;;

Ohio Employee Ownership Center, 113 McGilvrey Hall, Kent State University, Kent OH; 330-672-3028;

Parent Cooperative Preschools International; 1401 New York Ave, NW; Washington, DC 20005;

People's Grocery, 3236 Market Street, #103, Oakland, CA 94608; 510-652-7607.

Rayve Fulfillment House (distributor of cooperative materials); P.O. Box 726 Windsor, CA 95492; 1-800-852-4890 (get a copy of their catalogue).

Solidarity Economy Network,

The U.S. Federation of Worker Cooperatives; P.O. Box 17071, San Francisco, CA 94117-701; 415-379-9201; e-mail -; website -

Valley Alliance of Worker Cooperatives, 1-888-682-4801; (Western Massachusetts and Southern Vermont)

Vermont Employee Ownership Center, 41 Main Street, P.O. Box 546, Burlington, VT 05402; 802-861-6611;

Western Worker Cooperative Conference, c/o California Center for Cooperatives, 430 F St., Davis, CA 95616; 530-297-1032;

Women's Action to Gain Economic Security (WAGES), 1904 Franklin St., Suite 801, Oakland, CA 94612; 510-451-3100;

(Thanks to Ajamu Nangwaya and Mary Hoyer and Michael Johnson for their contributions to this resource list.)







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