In numerous Indigenous communities in the Mexican state of Michoacán, the INE electoral authority didn’t install ballot boxes. In some cases, it had already reached agreements with communal authorities. Because ahead of the election, the Consejo Supremo Indígena de Michoacán (Supreme Indigenous Council of Michoacán) had led a protest outside INE offices to demand respect for Indigenous self-rule and non-participation in party-political elections.
In other places, however, local people actively blocked and protested the INE’s entry. One such place was Arantepacua. Here, abuse of authority led to protests in 2017, which police brutally repressed. This massacre only increased the community’s demands for self-rule.