To continue to state that the need for hierarchy, leaders and representative politics as the chief or principal avenue for revolutionary change, is to once again reproduce the ideological coordinates of modern society. On the other hand, the idea of systemic change on which this essay relies, and on which an emancipatory politics is said to depend, requires a grassroots centre of gravity and emphasis. Again, these points have already been made. Insofar an actual democratic politics should, or, must, exist in and through interaction – similar to the account by Raul Zibechi of self-transformative political practice in ‘Social Movements as Spaces of Learning’– what this is to say is that emancipation must begin in and through the democratic and liberated existence that it struggles to bring into life. To suggest that we have it all to do is to say, then, that in understanding the requirements of “differential transformation”, revolutionary theory – critical theory – must see transformative change as the outcome of diverse sites of resistance.
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