The Underground Railroad Was One of America's First Co-Ops

Cooperative economics and civil rights don't often appear together in history books, but they should. From the mutual aid societies that bought enslaved people's freedom to the underground railroad network that brought endangered blacks to the north, cooperative structures were key to evading white supremacy. And there was vicious backlash when black co-ops threatened the status quo.

See the video interview with Jessica Gordon Nembhard at truth-out.org